How to Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

How to
The use of indiscriminately can lead to selection of resistant bacteria that may contaminate the children and their families. This is a very important alert taking also into account that already exist bacteria resistant to all types of antibiotics. It is clear that mutations in bacteria triggered, happen at a speed greater than the capacity of research to develop effective drugs to combat them.
There are basically two types of parents: those who like antibiotics and those who abhor. The first think that antibiotics should be used in any case of fever, stuffy nose and sore throat or ear. This group of parents is only quiet when you leave the office with a prescription containing the prescription of antibiotics. In fact, the majority of cases of infections of upper respiratory tract are caused by viruses. Unfortunately, or fortunately, antibiotics have no action on these organisms. Often, for these parents, this creates a great anguish, because in most cases we are left to control the fever, and nasal lavage provide hydration. These are attitudes rather than assist in the prevention of opportunistic bacterial infections that need to be treated with antibiotics.
On the other hand, there are parents who understand that the use of antibiotics is not good. This is mainly due to patients who use antibiotics only. They are associated with negative events in our lives. However in the case of bacterial infections, most often, the use of antibiotics is mandatory to provide effective treatment of infection and prevent serious complications such as meningitis, abscess, mastoiditis among others.
In fact, to avoid the two extremes we must learn more about the antibiotics, thus avoiding the myth that surrounds it.
Before the discovery of penicillin, which was the first , many children died of infections that are now regarded as commonplace as they are effectively treated with these drugs. The use of timely and appropriate antibiotic should be determined by your child’s physician. Hence the importance of close monitoring, and often daily, changes in the case of having a child assisted by a professional and affordable, especially the establishment of a relationship of trust between officials and the doctor. The exchange of information and explanation of lead health professional understanding and reassurance to parents with a sick child.
There is strong or weak antibiotic. There are so appropriate antibiotics for each type of infection. Some have the ability to penetrate some organs and not others. The amount of antibiotic to be administered varies widely from one type to another, does not indicate, as mentioned, be stronger or weaker. The optimal concentration to be used is based on studies determining the amount of antibiotic required to combat each type of bacteria and infection, taking into account also the weight of each child. Soon, a bottle of antibiotics will last much less when used to treat a child of 40 pounds than a 5 pounds. Thus, the treatment must not be based on the number of bottles, but the dosage taken and the interval time of use, in days, determined by the doctor.
Furthermore, the antibiotics used to treat diseases of the nose, ear and throat, not darken the teeth. The use of vitamins together or after use of antibiotics has no scientific basis, are not therefore necessary.
Some points must remain in mind:
The real enemy is not the antibiotic but the microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) that cause disease, as well as pollution, smoking, abrupt climate change.
The use of criteria untimely or without antibiotics may hamper the diagnosis of certain diseases, may delay correct treatment and to select resistant bacteria.
Many diseases are self-limited, ie, the child’s own body, with its defense mechanisms, can overcome the problem without the use of antibiotics or other medicines.
The non-use of antibiotics at the right time can lead to worsening of bacterial infections and cause complications.
Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a doctor after the diagnosis correct.
Observe the manufacturer’s guidelines for the maintenance of the drug. Some antibiotics, such as those containing potassium clavulanate, need be stored in a refrigerator after opening. Others should only be left in a cool dry place.
Administer always on time, dose, interval and time of use recommended by your doctor.
Do not stop using antibiotics when the child improve.
The treatment should never be based on the number of bottles. Remember that a bottle of antibiotics will last much less when used to treat a child of 40 pounds in a 5 pounds.

You may also be interested in reading about the modern antibiotic Zithromax

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